Literature review websites

Look for other literature reviews in your subject area to see how they are written. An overview of the subject, issue or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review. The quality and quantity of chiropractic research is increasing and is vitally important to all stakeholders including educators, practitioners, state and national organizations, and political/economic policymakers. Meta-analysis- “Meta-analysis is a method of reviewing resarch findings in a quantitative fashion by transforming the data from individual studies into what is called an effect size and then pooling and analyzing this information. Remember that this guide is designed as a starting point and if you have any questions, please feel free to contact library staff for further assistance. For information on systematic reviews – a particular type of literature review used primarily in health sciences – please refer to this guide:  Systematic Reviews Search Methodology. A literature review aims to identify articles cogent to a specific topic of interest and “serves as the driving and jumping-off point for your own research.

Understand how studies relate to one another, how your own ideas fit within the existing literature. A literature review is an account of what has been published on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers. Similar to primary research, development of the literature review requires four stages: . The purpose is to offer an overview of significant literature published on a topic. The purpose of this Research Guide is to provide information on how to conduct a literature review and where to locate additional resources to assist you. It should give a theoretical base for the research and help you (the author) determine the nature of your research. This comprehensive guide is designed for students preparing an honours thesis, graduating paper, Master's thesis or doctoral dissertation.

Occasionally you will be asked to write one as a separate assignment (sometimes in the form of an annotated bibliography—see the bottom of the next page), but more often it is part of the introduction to an essay, research report, or thesis. Analysis and interpretation—discussing the findings and conclusions of pertinent literature. The basic goal in meta-analysis is to explain why different outcomes have occured in different studies. Weekly workshops and individual consultations are offered most weeks of the year. A literature review is an evaluative report of information found in the literature related to your selected area of study. Meta-synthesis- “Qualitative meta-synthesis is a type of qualitative study that uses as data the findings from other qualitative studies linked by the same or related topic. Systematic review: “The authors of a systematic review use a specific procedure to search the research literature, select the studies to include in their review, and critically evaluate the studies they find. Besides enlarging your knowledge about the topic, writing a literature review lets you gain and demonstrate skills in two areas. Problem formulation—which topic or field is being examined and what are its component issues? Data evaluation—determining which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic.

A synthesis matrix helps you record the main points of each source and document how sources relate to each other. Writing Center consultants can help you plan, develop, and organize your literature review and a follow-up appointment will help you edit, proofread, and revise it. Not to be confused with a book review, a literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources (e.

It is not just a descriptive list of the material available, or a set of summaries. View this page in a format suitable for printers and screen-readers or mobile devices. Do I follow through a set of concepts and questions, comparing items to each other in the ways they deal with them? As a health care profession, chiropractic uses scientific evidence for decision making. In writing the literature review, your purpose is to convey to your reader what knowledge and ideas have been established on a topic, and what their strengths and weaknesses are. Readers, writers, publishers, editors, and everybody in between are tweeting, Tumbling, blogging, and probably even Vine-ing about their favorite books. Traditional Review: adopts a critical approach, which might assess theories or hypotheses by critically examining the methods and results of single primary studies, with an emphasis on background and contextual material. A Literature review is the way to look at the past: to assess the body of literature, to synthesize previous work, and to locate the gaps in order to prepare for the future in directing the research process and formulating additional questions. Literature review" typically refers to work produced in the context of an article in an academic publication or as part of a Master's thesis or doctoral dissertation.

Students,  faculty, and field doctors rely on scholarly journals and recent studies to make decisions. What is the specific thesis, problem, or research question that my literature review helps to define?

Research paper requirements high school

Whether the topic is the Revolutionary War, the invention of the computer or the life and works of Emily Dickinson, any research paper can be tackled more easily by breaking the process down into manageable steps. Starting the Writing Process – This resource contains tips for instructors and student on beginning writing. Write only one fact or idea per note card and document the page number and the author and/or title of the research material. The paper topic needs to be easily transitioned into a possible and accessible project. A paper on JFK’s handling of foreign affairs would lead to a project during this election season that allows the student to work with local election organizations, politicians, government agencies to learn about a variety of things. Some instructors give you ten weeks to complete a project, while others might allot a measly four. Students at colleges and universities across the country are probably facing the same daunting task. Kennedy’s handling of foreign affairs is a model for future presidents is acceptable.

Paragraphs and Paragraphing – The purpose of this resource is to provide some basic instruction and advice regarding the creation of understandable and coherent paragraphs. Find a Topic Some research paper topics are assigned, but sometimes the assignment is very broad or completely open and up to the writer to choose. Developing an Outline – This resource describes why outlines are useful, what types of outlines exist, suggestions for developing effective outlines, and how outlines can be used as an invention strategy for writing. Plan backward from the day your paper is due and map out a schedule that allows you enough time to finish. It includes information about search engines, Boolean operators, web directories, and the invisible web.

No matter how long your paper must be or how little time you have to complete it, there are some general tips that will help you complete a first-rate research paper. For resources specifically created for grades 7-12 students, see the other resources in this section. This isn’t your high school English teacher’s five-page requirement, either. Information is crucial; keep your topic broad enough that you can find enough resources to cover it, but narrow enough that you can successfully develop and support your ideas. Proper first page information that includes student name, course, current teacher name, due date. This is the point in the process when you check out books from the library, bookmark pertinent websites on the computer, and photocopy any other material not otherwise available.

If you choose something outside your scope of interest, you may find yourself nodding off and have difficulty finishing the task, which is not a good impression to make at college. Evaluating Sources of Information – This section provides information on evaluating bibliographic citations, aspects of evaluation, reading evaluation, print vs. Prewriting – This section explains the prewriting (invention) stage of the composing process. Preliminary Research and Outline Preliminary research is done to find out how much information is available on the topic. Works Cited page with alphabetical entries, hanging indentations, no bullets or numbers.

Comparative analysis that uses multiple sources to come to conclusions about the topic. You look in indices and tables of contents to quickly find material that applies to the topic. A preliminary outline is a rough plan of what subtopics will be discussed in the paper.

Business planning attorney

Still frozen credit market, rather onerous or non-existent funding channels and business uncertainty have made it rather impossible to launch a new business. Two-year extension of the empowerment zone tax incentives for certain economically depressed census tracts and the tax incentives for issu. Business succession planning involving transition of the business to partners, family members or key employees. Two-year extension of the empowerment zone tax incentives for certain economically depressed census tracts and the tax incentives for issu . How do you make sure someone else doesn’t steal your idea and capture the market? Learn why this is so important and read some samples to get started planning now. Having advised a wide variety of businesses through formation, growth and disposition, we are well equipped to help our clients plan to achieve their goals for each of those phases. One of the conundrums of lending world is two incompatible accounts of statistics told by banks and regulators. Small business owners frequently have very specialized estate and arizona business planning attorney needs as they plan for the future of their business, family and loved ones. Once you have the plan in writing, all you have to do is revisit it periodically to check your course and make any necessary adjustments.

This is often done through thoughtful business succession planning, including carefully crafted shareholder agreements, tax planning and the like. Planning and negotiating joint ventures, licensing arrangements and other strategic alliances. I had a matter that I presented to him after another attorney said I should settle for a very meager amount. In continuing my educational efforts and with the hope we can help folks in business avoid some of the most difficult issues f. We apply the various legal disciplines of our Business and Finance Department, as well as the business acumen of our lawyers, to help guide companies through their entire life cycle. In continuing my educational efforts and with the hope we can help folks in business avoid some of the most difficult issues f . About Cordell Drawing on 36 years of experience as a construction law rainmaker, Cordell Parvin works with lawyers and law firms to develop the next generation of great attorneys. If you are interested in seeing the elements of a sample attorney business plan for a lateral attorney partner please click here: Partner Business Plans: Key Elements.

The Arizona estate planning attorneys at Gunderson, Denton & Peterson can help guide you through this very important planning process for you and your loved ones. Cordell created this program and detailed participant guide to enable every highly motivated lawyer the opportunity to develop business using the approaches that worked for him and work for the many lawyers he coaches. International business transactions can be split into two categories: international trade – imports and exports – and foreign investment. This includes promptly paying any fees, keeping up with any continuing education requirements and filing reports . Billions of dollars are spent each year for sending employees to meetings, conventions, trade shows and training sessions. No matter how simple you make it or what you call it, personal business planning is about taking inventory of where you are, determining where you want to go and building a road map for getting there. The law of international business is an immense and complex subject, about which even an experienced and specialized lawyer cannot have a comprehensive understanding. Volatile economy, frozen credit market, high unemployment, competitive marketplace, fear of inflation or deflation, lackluster consumer spending, and fearless aggressive creditors are just some of the . Planning for the future of loved ones in the event of death or disability can be a difficult and confusing process to undertake.

He guides lawyers in finding the right attitude, setting appropriate goals, developing strategies for time management and building networking skills. After the New York Associate planning program I presented last week, a lawyer who attended asked me how to prepare an effective plan. Advice on choice of business entity and structure, taking into consideration growth objectives. The lack of such planning, however, generally results in even greater difficulty and confusion for those left behind. Summary: Why should you worry about developing personal business plans as an attorney? But most owners tend to keep their head down, work hard to meet payroll and other obligations, maneuver through the minefield of contractu . Launching a business could be quite daunting as economy is still not on a sound footing and credit market not yet amenable to lending. We provide full-service Estate and Arizona Business Planning Attorney services that can help you address the issues that are most important to your particular situation, family and loved ones. Personal business planning is not about writing a 50-page manifesto outlining every detail of every day of your professional life for the next 10 years.

Human resource business plan

This, in a way, is true because downsizing is a result of business strategies that failed, and layoffs have been regarded by employees as part of those failed strategies. Good HR records should help you gather this information but if you do not have this information at hand then you can conduct staff surveys or have conversations with your staff. We’ve all heard some of the horror stories about terrible jobs or bad managers, and the one thing each of these stories has in common was the negative workplace environment. Major will be the sole employee until month six when he will be hiring a human resource specialist/manager to help out with the consulting. Vacation time: This is not required by law, but most firms offer it to stay competitive and keep employees refreshed. In providing explanations about the concept of human resources strategic planning, we will also put emphasis on the importance of human resources management in project planning. Consider your options, up-skilling existing workers and taking on new entrants to the workforce and training them. Make sure you have a clear business plan so you know what your business goals are. The keys to success are to provide a needed service while providing a flexible means of compensation.

Whether you’re about to open a restaurant or have been running your place for a few months already, there’s no doubt that the process will be expensive. Major Adversity, the founder and owner will be leveraging his past and current personal/professional relationships to generate business for Human Capital Maximizers. Your business plan should give you a clear idea of what you want to achieve in your business. Human resources managers are now tasked to prepare HR action plans to support the company’s business strategy. In order to do this, HR management should also perform its own human resources strategic planning by way of pencil-pushing and brainstorming. This will be especially appealing to many start-up companies that find capital scarce. Investors may be curious about how your payroll will be handled and the associated costs of administering it, as well as the type of corporate culture you plan to create.

Many employees who became victims of downsizing in the recent past regard the HR department as useless and merely put in place to move the employees around like pawns on a chessboard. Employees form the heart of any company, so attracting and holding onto the right ones can make or break a startup or small business. The leader behind a fast-growing and innovative technology company known for customer and employee love, Matt Rissell has. Human resource management requires an immense amount of time and paperwork, and an experienced HR consultant should be able to quickly get your payroll and benefits running, giving you more time to concentrate on growing the business. Thus, if sales and marketing departments present management with a strategy to meet a goal, then a human resources strategic plan should be created to help meet that goal. To increase our number of clients served by 20% per year through superior performance and word-of-mouth referrals.

When considering your options for employment, be sure to consider the Restart Program, offering incentives for employing people aged 50 or older. When it comes to managing your employees, one of the most important things you can do for them involves setting the right tone at work. If the main strategist makes a wrong move, then they are taken-off the board as like a dispensable object.

Even if you don’t plan to have an extensive management team, if you expect to hire non-managerial employees such as salespeople or clerical workers for your startup, you should consider recruiting a human resources manager, or at least use an HR consulting firm. Simply use this section of your business plan to outline the organizational structure, complete with job descriptions, how you plan to recruit key team members, and what their respective responsibilities will be. Having flexible working arrangements, such as part-time hours, working from home or job-sharing options may open up your job to more applicants. To develop a sustainable start-up consultancy firm that can survive off its own cash flow and has significant equity holdings in emerging companies. Begin this section by outlining your own managerial experience and skills as well as that of your team (if you already have one formed), the roles each member will play, and any particular areas of strength or deficiency in your lineup. This article is part of our Restaurant Business Startup Guide—a curated list of articles to help you plan, start, and grow your restaurant business! We recommend using LivePlan as the easiest way to create graphs for your own business plan. Effective organisational design creates an environment where people can work and communicate efficiently. Your business plan should include a description of your organizational structure, including your management and human resources capabilities, philosophy and needs, the number of employees you intend to hire, how you will manage them and your estimated personnel costs.

Algorithmic problem solving

In psychology, one of these problem-solving approaches is known as an algorithm. An algorithm is a well-defined procedure, consisting of a number of instructions, that are executed in turn in order to solve the given problem. It demonstrates the importance of mathematical calculation, but the chosen examples are typically not mathematical. An algorithm is often expressed in the form of a graph, where a square represents each step. Arrows then branch off from each step to point to possible directions that you may take to solve the problem. Algorithmic problem solving is about the formulation and solution of such problems.

Wiley E-Texts are accessible online and offline, and can be read on a variety of devices, including smartphones and tablets. Turing-Tape Competition: put your problem-solving and programming abilities to the test! The demands on the reliability of computer software have, we believe, lead to massive improvements in our problem-solving skills and in mathematical method. Identify the kind of problem(s) according with its (their) structure: sequential, selection, iterative. This document presents some guidelines to approach the solution of a great variety of problems, particularly those presented in computer programming. Algorithmic problems are problems where the solution involves —possibly implicitly— the design of an algorithm. An introduction to problem-solving and algorithm formulation using an example-driven approach.

E-books have DRM protection on them, which means only the person who purchases and downloads the e-book can access it. Because of the challenges of programming (which means instructing a dumb machine how to solve each instance of a problem) and the unprecedented scale of programming problems, computing scientists have had to hone their problem-solving skills to a very fine degree. This book forms an introduction to problem-solving using the insights that have been gained in computing science.

We believe, however, that the time is now ripe for a greater focus on the methodology of problem solving, rather than on specific results. Select a structure able to simplify data handling: arrays, records, files, local variables, global variables, linked lists, etc. By following the instructions correctly, you are guaranteed to arrive at the right answer. An entertaining and captivating way to learn the fundamentals of using algorithms to solve problems. The problems will then be discussed as a class, and each student is expected to contribute to the discussions. Our goal is to ensure that future generations are much better problem solvers than we are, not because they know more facts but because their skills are more refined. Evaluation is based on participation in programming contests, quizzes, and exams. The improvements are centred on goal-directed, calculational construction of algorithms as opposed to the traditional guess-and-verify methodology. Of course, many algorithmic problems still pose massive challenges, and we have a very great deal to learn about good and bad technique in solving such problems. Each step has attached a questionnaire, which contain questions that will lead you toward the solution of the problem or, if needed, to step back and review your work.

This has led to advances in logic, and to changes in the way that mathematics is practised. Students who would like to develop their programming and algorithmic skills by having a new set of programming challenges presented to them in each class. When solving a problem, choosing the right approach is often the key to arriving at the best solution. Students can expect to be challenged and practice understanding and implementing algorithmic ideas outside their skillset. Yet, computing science is already having a major influence on our problem-solving skills, amounting to a revolution in the art of effective reasoning.

Identify available algorithmic elements and select: what you need: well-defined instructions, already known algorithms, etc. Algorithmic Problem Solving | An entertaining and captivating way to learn the fundamentals of using algorithms to solve problems. Algorithmic Problem Solving studies the implementation and application of algorithms to a variety of problems. While often thought of purely as a mathematical term, the same type of process can be followed to ensure finding the correct answer when solving a problem or making a decision. If needed, make a drawing depicting the situation stating clearly relevant objects and times. An algorithm is a defined set of step-by-step procedures that provides the correct answer to a particular problem. Guiding-questionnaires to be used with the General Strategy for algorithm creation.